We address this question by exploring the changing composition of home purchase mortgage originations since 2000. We focus on the share of FHA and conforming-sized conventional loans to low- or moderate income households or to finance properties in low- or moderate-income neighborhoods, and provide a more detailed examination of the shifts in market composition than previous studies.
Our analysis points to a conclusion that the CRA continues to be relevant to maintaining broad access to mortgage credit. We find that the overall share of loans to low-or moderate-income borrowers has decreased compared to pre-2004, which we view as a reasonable benchmark period. However, this decrease has mostly been offset by an increased share to borrowers (broadly distributed by income) purchasing properties in low- or moderate-income neighborhoods.
Penn Institute for Urban Regulation