reference library

/reference library
reference library2018-06-08T14:23:35-07:00

This website features a collection of links to outside resources, many of which were cited in The Captured Economy, for readers interested in learning more about regressive regulation.

To filter the reference library by topic, please use the links on a topic page or open this page on a full-size screen and use the provided menu.

Patents, Innovation, and Development

Bronwyn H. Hall

NBER

May 2020

I survey some recent research on the role of patents in encouraging innovation and growth in developing economies, beginning with a brief history of international patent systems and facts about…
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Medicines and Intellectual Property: 10 Years of the WHO Global Strategy

Germán Velásquez

South Centre

December 2019

The negotiations of the Intergovernmental Working Group on Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property (IGWG) (2006-2008), undertaken by the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO), were the result…
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From Incentive to Commodity to Asset: How International Law is Reconceptualizing Intellectual Property

Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss and Susy Frankel

Michigan Journal of International Law

October 2014

Domestic patent, copyright and trademark regimes are traditionally justified on an incentive rationale. While international intellectual property agreements are nominally aimed at harnessing global markets to expand incentives, this article…
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Annual Intellectual Property Report to Congress

United States Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator

Office of the President of the United States

February 2019

The United States government is taking a targeted, practical, and comprehensive approach toward addressing intellectual property policy and strategy. The goal is to ensure a level playing field for American…
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Intellectual property rights affect the pattern of trade

Jenny Lin and William Lincoln

VoxEU

July 6, 2018

Disagreements over intellectual property rights policies have been a major roadblock in recent trade agreement talks, and the issue has also been a pillar of critiques of globalisation. This column…
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Issuing and Tailoring Patent Injunctions – A Cross-Jurisdictional Comparison and Synthesis

Jorge L. Contreras and Martin Husovec

SSRN

27 March 2021

This chapter is from the edited volume “Injunctions in Patent Law: A Trans-Atlantic Dialogue on Flexibility and Tailoring” (Jorge Contreras & Martin Husovec, eds., Cambridge Univ. Press, forthcoming). It offers…
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Guide for the Granting of Compulsory Licenses and Government Use of Pharmaceutical Patents

Carlos M. Correa

South Centre

April 2020

Like other rights, patent rights are not absolute. There are situations in which their exercise can be limited to protect public interests. Such situations may arise, for instance, when access…
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Practical Implications of ‘Vaccine Nationalism’: A Short-Sighted and Risky Approach in Response to COVID-19

Muhammad Zaheer Abbas

The South Centre

November 2020

To end the COVID-19 pandemic and ensure a return of normalcy, an effective and safe vaccine is the best hope. The vaccine nationalism approach, adopted by some countries to gain…
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“Forced Technology Transfer” Policies: Workings in China and Strategic Implications

Dan Prud'homme, Max von Zedtwitz, Joachim Jan Thraen, and Martin Bader

Technology Forecasting and Social Change

September 2018

This paper evaluates the ability of “forced technology transfer” (FTT) policies – i.e., policies meant to increase foreign-domestic technology transfer that simultaneously weaken appropriability of foreign innovations – to contribute…
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The Copyright Divide

Peter K. Yu

MSU-DCL Public Law Research Paper

October 2003

Most recently, the recording industry filed 261 lawsuits against individuals who illegally downloaded and distributed a large amount of music via peer-to-peer file-sharing networks, such as KaZaA, Grokster, iMesh, and…
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Intellectual Property Rights and Foreign Direct Investment: A Welfare Analysis

Hitoshi Tanaka and Tatsuro Iwaisako

European Economic Review

April 2014

This paper examines how intellectual property rights (IPR) protection affects innovation and foreign direct investment (FDI) using a North–South quality-ladder model incorporating the exogenous and costless imitation of technology and…
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Intellectual Property, Economic Development, and the China Puzzle

Peter K. Yu

Intellectual Property, Trade and Development: Strategies to Optimize Economic Development in a TRIPs Plus Era

August 1, 2018

This book chapter examines the relationship between intellectual property protection and economic development. It begins by exploring the conventional linkage between intellectual property protection and foreign direct investment. The chapter…
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World Investment Report 2018: Investment and New Industrial Policies

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

World Investment Report 2018

2018

Global flows of foreign direct investment fell by 23 per cent in 2017. Cross-border investment in developed and transition economies dropped sharply, while growth was near zero in developing economies….
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Intellectual Property Rights and Foreign Direct Investment: A Welfare Analysis

Hitoshi Tanaka and Tatsuro Iwaisako

European Economic Review

April 2014

This paper examines how intellectual property rights (IPR) protection affects innovation and foreign direct investment (FDI) using a North–South quality-ladder model incorporating the exogenous and costless imitation of technology and…
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What Happens When Books Enter the Public Domain? Testing Copyright’s Underuse Hypothesis Across Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Canada

Jacob Flynn, Rebecca Giblin, and Francois Petitjean

SSRN

June 10, 2019

The United States (‘US’) extended most copyright terms by 20 years in 1998, and has since exported that extension via ‘free trade’ agreements to countries including Australia and Canada. A…
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Annual Intellectual Property Report to Congress

United States Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator

Office of the President of the United States

February 2019

This paper studies the effects of the USPTO’s patent secrecy program in World War II, under which approximately 11,200 U.S. patent applications were issued secrecy orders which halted examination and…
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Differential Pricing for Pharmaceuticals: Reconciling Access, R&D and Patents

Patricia M. Danzon and Adrian Towse

International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics

2003

This paper reviews the economic case for patents and the potential for differential pricing to increase affordability of on-patent drugs in developing countries while preserving incentives for innovation. Differential pricing,…
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2017 Special 301 Report

NA

Office of the United States Trade Representative

2017

One of the top trade priorities for the Trump Administration is to use all possible sources of leverage to encourage other countries to open their markets to U.S. exports of…
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How do foreign patent rights affect U.S. exports, affiliate sales, and licenses?

Pamela J. Smith

Journal of International Economics

December 2001

This paper analyzes how foreign patent rights (FPRs) affect US exports, affiliate sales, and licenses. Our approach is distinctive in three ways. We apply ownership, location, and internalization concepts to…
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Knowledge diffusion from FDI and Intellectual Property Rights

Roger Smeets and Albert de Vaal

CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

February 2011

We study the extent to which a country’s strength of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) protection mediates knowledge spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Following the opposing views in the IPR…
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Compulsory Licensing – Evidence from the Trading with the Enemy Act

Petra Moser and Alessandra Voena

American Economic Review

February 2012

Compulsory licensing allows firms in developing countries to produce foreign-owned inventions without the consent of foreign patent owners. This paper uses an exogenous event of compulsory licensing after World War…
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Four Hypotheses on Intellectual Property and Inequality

Amy Kapczynksi

Working Paper Prepared for the SELA conference

June 2015

I will suggest that existing IP regimes can be understood as not merely reflecting high levels of inequality within and between nations, but also amplifying these trends. First, there is…
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Foreign Competition and Domestic Innovation: Evidence from US Patents

David Autor, David Dorn, Gordon H. Hanson, Gary Pisano, and Pian Shu

NBER

December 2017

The competitive shock to the U.S. manufacturing sector spurred by rising China import competition could either catalyze or stifle innovation. Using three distinct sources of variation to identify rising trade…
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The Impact of International Patent Systems: Evidence from Accession to the European Patent Convention

Bronwyn Hall, Christian Helmers

NBER

January 2018

We analyze the impact of accession to the regional patent system established by the European Patent Convention (EPC) on 14 countries that acceded between 2000 and 2008. We look at…
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Frontier Knowledge and Scientific Production: Evidence from the Collapse of International Science

Alessandro Iaria, Carlo Schwarz, and Fabian Waldinger

Quarterly Journal of Economics

January 15, 2018

We show that World War I and the subsequent boycott against Central scientists severely interrupted international scientific cooperation. After 1914, citations to recent research from abroad decreased and paper titles…
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The U.S. Patent System, not China’s IP Policies, is the Reason Behind America’s Decline in Global Competitiveness

Paul Morinville and Terry Fokas

IPWatchdog.org

March 2018

China has established courts that specialize in intellectual property litigation so litigants have an experienced, fast and cost-effective forum to resolve patent disputes. These specialist courts take about 10 months…
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How the World Trade Organization Can Curb China’s Intellectual Property Transgressions

James Bacchus

Cato Institute

March 22, 2018

Seventeen years after China joined the WTO, China still falls considerably short of fulfilling its WTO obligations to protect intellectual property. About 70 percent of the software in use in…
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Intellectual Property and China: Is China Stealing American IP?

Paul Goldstein and Sharon Driscoll

Stanford Law School

April 10, 2018

How do you think this challenge is best addressed? How can China and other countries be made to adhere to IP agreements?Within the confines of trade, that’s a hard question….
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Unilateral Tariffs vs. The Rule of Trade Law: The Case of Trade Secrets

James Bacchus

The Cato Institute

May 11, 2018

A specific focus of any WTO complaint by the United States relating to the failure of China to enforce the protection of trade secrets will be the continuing legal shortcomings…
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