reference library

/reference library
reference library2018-06-08T14:23:35-07:00

This website features a collection of links to outside resources, many of which were cited in The Captured Economy, for readers interested in learning more about regressive regulation.

To filter the reference library by topic, please use the links on a topic page or open this page on a full-size screen and use the provided menu.

Housing America’s Older Adults 2019

Policy Advisory Board of the Joint Center for Housing Studies

Joint Center for Housing Studies at Harvard University

2019

Within the 65-and-over age group, most recent income gains have gone to the highest earners, and the number of households with housing cost burdens has reached an all-time high. Ensuring…
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Inclusionary Zoning and Housing Market Outcomes

Emily Hamilton

Mercatus Center

September 2019

As regions across the United States are experiencing high and rising house prices, inclusionary zoning is increasing in popularity as a tool to increase the availability of affordable housing for…
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The Spatial Mismatch Between Innovation and Joblessness

Edward L. Glaeser and Naomi Hausman

NBER

May 2019

American technological creativity is geographically concentrated in areas that are generally distant from the country’s most persistent pockets of joblessness. Could a more even spatial distribution of innovation reduce American…
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Is inclusionary Zoning inclusionary? A Guide for Practitioners

Heather L. Schwartz, Liisa Ecola, Kristin J. Leuschner, and Aaron Kofner

RAND Corporation

2012

Inclusionary zoning (IZ) has become an increasingly popular tool for providing affordable housing in an economically integrative manner. IZ policies typically require developers to set aside a proportion of units…
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Silver Bullet or Trojan Horse? The Effects of Inclusionary Zoning on Local Housing Markets

Jenny Schuetz, Rachel Meltzer, and Vicki Been

NYU Law School

June 9, 2008

Many local governments are adopting inclusionary zoning (IZ) as a means of producing affordable housing without direct public subsidies. In this paper, we use panel data on IZ in the…
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Gentrification, Property Tax Limitation, and Displacement

Isaac William Martin Kevin Beck

Urban Affairs Review

September 2, 2016

Scholars have long argued that gentrification may displace long-term homeowners by causing their property taxes to increase, and policy makers, including the U.S. Supreme Court, have cited this argument as…
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Housing, urban growth and inequalities: The limits to deregulation and upzoning in reducing economic and spatial inequality

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose and Michael Storper

Human Geography and Planning

May 2019

Urban economics and branches of mainstream economics – what we call the “housing as opportunity” school of thought – have been arguing that shortages of affordable housing in dense agglomerations…
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Does Gentrification Displace Poor Children? New Evidence from New York City Medicaid Data

Kacie Dragan, Ingrid Ellen, and Sherry A. Glied

NBER

May 2019

The pace of gentrification has accelerated in cities across the country since 2000, and many observers fear it is displacing low-income populations from their homes and communities. We offer new…
Read more

Who Pays for Rent Control? Heterogeneous Landlord Response to San Francisco’s Rent Control Expansion

Rebecca Diamond, Tim McQuade and Franklin Qian

AEA Papers and Proceedings

May 2019

Using a 1994 law change, we exploit quasi-experimental variation in the assignment of rent control in San Francisco to study which types of landlords bear the burden of decreased rental…
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Ending Rent Control Reduced Crime in Cambridge

David H. Autor, Christopher J. Palmer and Parag A. Pathak

AEA Papers and Proceedings

May 2019

Using detailed location-specific criminal incident-level data, we find that sudden rent decontrol in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1995 caused overall crime to fall by 16 percent—approximately 1,200 crimes annually. We estimate…
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The Effects of Second-Generation Rent Control on Land Values

Andreas Mense, Claus Michelsen and Konstantin A. Kholodilin

AEA Papers and Proceedings

May 2019

Second generation rent control seeks to prevent negative quantity effects by exempting newly built units. The artificially lowered rent in the controlled segment makes renting attractive for households that would…
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Spatial Misallocation and Rent Controls

Guillaume Chapelle, Etienne Wasmer and Pierre-Henri Bono

AEA Papers and Proceedings

May 2019

In many global cities the rental housing market is partially regulated. We document that the Paris housing market is dual: a flexible rent sector coexists with a large controlled rent…
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Housing Supply Dynamics under Rent Control: What Can Evictions Tell Us?

Brian J. Asquith

AEA Papers and Proceedings

May 2019

Measuring how rent-controlled landlords change their housing supply in response to rent increases is difficult, because new construction is automatically exempt. This paper explores evictions as a barometer for landlords’…
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Affordable Housing and City Welfare

Jack Y Favilukis, Pierre Mabille, and Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

Columbia Business School

April 10, 2019

Housing affordability has become the main policy challenge for most large cities in the world. Zoning, rent control, housing vouchers, and tax credits are the main levers employed by policy…
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The rise and effects of homeowners associations

Wyatt Clarke and Matthew Freedman

Journal of Urban Economics

July 2019

In the U.S., nearly 60% of recently built single-family houses, and 80% of houses in new subdivisions, are part of a homeowners association (HOA). We construct the first near-national map…
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Should Law Subsidize Driving?

Gregory H. Shill

SSRN

March 1, 2019

A century ago, captains of industry and their allies in government launched a social experiment in urban America: the abandonment of mass transit in favor of a new personal technology,…
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Amenities, Risk, and Flood Insurance Reform

V. Kerry Smith and Ben Whitmore

NBER

February 2019

This paper provides the first, comprehensive evidence on the question of whether the subsidized flood insurance rates are needed to meet the affordability goal of the National Flood Insurance Program….
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Who Participates in Local Government? Evidence from Meeting Minutes

Katherine Levine Einstein, Maxwell Palmer, and David Glick

Perspectives on Politics

June 29, 2018

Scholars and policymakers have identified neighborhood activism and participation as a valuable source of policy information and civic engagement. Yet, these venues may be biasing policy discussions in favor of…
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Intellectual Property Laws: Wolves in Sheep’s Clothing

Brink Lindsey and Steven Teles

Pro-Market

September 15, 2017

In the rogues’ gallery of regulatory rent-seeking, copyright and patent laws are the wolves in sheep’s clothing. According to the ingenious and highly effective rhetoric of their beneficiaries and supporters,…
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Excessive Zoning Makes Us Poorer and More Unequal

Brink Lindsey and Steven Teles

Pro-Market

April 30, 2018

Zoning ordinances and the like have been endemic in the United States for the better part of a century. These laws have always influenced the location of housing within a…
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Perspectives on Helping Low-Income Californians Afford Housing

Mac Taylor

California Legislative Analyst's Office

February 6, 2016

“California has a serious housing shortage. California’s housing costs, consequently, have been rising rapidly for decades. These high housing costs make it difficult for many Californians to find housing that…
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Why Low-Income Households Become Unstably Housed: Evidence From the Panel Study of Income Dynamics

Seungbeom Kang

Housing Policy Debate

February 11, 2019

Because of a severe shortage of affordable housing in the United States, an increasing number of low-income households suffer from housing instability. However, little evidence exists as to why they…
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The Effect of New Luxury Housing on Regional Housing Affordability

Evan Mast

W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

March 19, 2019

I study the short-run effect of new housing construction on housing affordability using individual address history data. Because most new construction is expensive, its effect on the market for more…
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Does Homeownership Influence Political Behavior? Evidence from Administrative Data

Andrew B. Hall and Jesse Yoder

Stanford University

August 7, 2018

Does owning property influence how individuals engage in the political process? This is a fundamental question in political economy, and a timely one given recent interest in understanding “NIMBYism” and…
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Neighbors’ Income, Public Goods and Well-Being

Neighbors' Income, Public Goods and Well-Being

The Review of Income and Wealth

April 6, 2018

How does neighbors’ income affect individual well-being? Our analysis is based on rich US local data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which contains information on where respondents live…
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Waiting for Affordable Housing in New York City

Holger Sieg and Chamna Yoon

NBER

June 2019

We develop a new dynamic equilibrium model with heterogeneous households that captures the most important frictions that arise in housing rental markets and explains the political popularity of affordable housing…
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America’s Most Diverse Mixed-Income Neighborhoods

City Observatory

June 18, 2018

These neighborhoods—which we call America’s most diverse, mixed-income neighborhoods—have high levels of racial, ethnic and income diversity. This report identifies, maps and counts the nation’s most diverse mixed-income neighborhoods. In…
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Does Property Ownership Lead to Participation inLocal Politics? Evidence from Property Records andMeeting Minutes

Jesse Yoder

June 25, 2019

Homeowners and renters have participated in politics at different rates throughout American history, but does becoming a property owner motivate an individual to access forms of political participation likely to…
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Amenities, Affordability, and Housing Vouchers

David S. Bieri and Casey Dawkins

Journal of Regional Science

June 2018

An unprecedented surge in U.S. rental demand in the decade since the housing crisis has raised the specter of a rental affordability crisis, the brunt of which is borne by…
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Land Use Regulations and Fertility Rates

Daniel Shoag and Lauren Russell

"One Hundred Years of Zoning and the Future of Cities"

October 2017

Previous literature has shown that land use regulations influence where people choose to live within the U.S. by impacting housing prices. In this paper, we study the impact of these…
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The Gap: A Shortage of Affordable Homes

National Low Income Housing Coalition

March 2018

The nation’s 11.2 million extremely low income renter households account for 25.7% of all renter households and 9.5% of all households in the United States. The U.S. has a shortage…
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The State of the Nation’s Housing 2018

Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University

June 2018

As the inaugural State of the Nation’s Housing report noted, the majority of Americans were well housed in 1988, and a number of metrics point to improving conditions since then….
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Shifting Neighborhoods

Jason Richardson, Bruce Mitchell, and Juan France

NCRC

March 19, 2019

Gentrification is a powerful force for economic change in our cities, but it is often accompanied by extreme and unnecessary cultural displacement. While gentrification increases the value of properties in…
Read more

Out of Reach: The High Cost of Housing

Andrew Aurand, Dan Emmanuel, Diane Yentel, Ellen Errico, Jared Gaby-Biegel, and Emma Kerr

National Low Income Housing Coalition

June 2018

The 2018 national Housing Wage is $22.10 for a modest two-bedroom rental home and $17.90 for a modest one-bedroom rental home. Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia,…
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Racial Segregation in Housing Markets and the Erosion of Black Wealth

Prottoy A. Akbar, Sijie Li, Allison Shertzer, and Randall P. Walsh

NBER

May 2019

Housing is the most important asset for the vast majority of American households and a key driver of racial disparities in wealth. This paper studies how residential segregation by race…
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Zoning and the Cost of Housing: Evidence from Silicon Valley, Greater New Haven, and Greater Austin

Robert C. Ellickson

SSRN

October 29, 2019

Municipal zoning, shockingly, may be the most consequential regulatory program in the United States. This article reports findings derived from an examination of provisions of zoning ordinances and zoning maps,…
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Serial Filing: How Landlords Use the Threat of Eviction

Philip ME Garboden and Eva Rosen

City & Community

May 15, 2019

While recent research has illustrated the frequency and deleterious consequences of eviction, the number of executed evictions pales in comparison to the number of poor families threatened with eviction. This…
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Land Concentration and Long-Run Development: Evidence from the Frontier United States

Cory Smith

November 11, 2019

Worldwide, land ownership is concentrated in the hands of relatively few people. This paper studies the impacts of land concentration on the long-run development of communities founded in the frontier…
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The vertical city: Rent gradients, spatial structure, and agglomeration economies

Crocker H. Liu, Stuart S. Rosenthal, and William C. Strange

Journal of Urban Economics

July 2018

Tall commercial buildings dominate city skylines. Nevertheless, despite decades of research on commercial real estate and horizontal patterns of urban development, vertical patterns have been largely ignored. We document that…
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ESTIMATING THE GAP IN AFFORDABLE AND AVAILABLE RENTAL UNITS FOR FAMILIES

Whitney Airgood-Obrycki and Jennifer Molinsky

Joint Center for Housing Studies

April 02, 2019

“Housing is a central component of family life and can provide a foundation for family well-being. While we typically think of family households as homeowners, renters are more likely than…
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Where Jobs are Concentrating and Why It Matters to Cities and Regions

Chad Shearer, Jennifer S. Vey, and Joanne Kim

Where Jobs are Concentrating and Why It Matters to Cities and Regions

June 2019

Hence this report, which aims to help leaders understand how, and how much, changing demands for place are influencing the clustering of jobs both across and within metropolitan areas. The…
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The Case for Preserving Costa-Hawkins: Three Ways Rent Control Reduces the Supply of Rental Housing

Kenneth T. Rosen

UC Berkeley Fisher Center

September 1, 2018

In order to highlight the significance of why this policy change would be detrimental for the California housing market, it is critical to understand the ways that rent control reduces…
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When Work Moves: Job Suburbanization and Black Employment

Conrad Miller

NBER

June 2018

This paper presents evidence that job suburbanization caused significant declines in black employment from 1970 to 2000. I document that, conditional on detailed job characteristics, blacks are less likely than…
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Recalibrating Local Politics to Increase the Supply of Housing

Chris Elmendorf

Regulation

Summer 2019

Is there a way for states to usefully recalibrate the local politics of land use while accepting homeowners as they are? This essay argues that state planning mandates could be…
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Should Law Subsidize Driving?

Author name here

University of Iowa

March 19, 2019

“A century ago, captains of industry and their allies in government launched a social experiment in urban America: the abandonment of mass transit in favor of a new personal technology,…
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The effects of housing supply restrictions on partisan geography

Jason Sorens

Political Geography

September 2018

Economists have scrutinized the effects of residential building restrictions on the cost of housing, growth, and migration in recent years. More strictly zoned states and metro areas have lost population…
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Gentrification And The Health Of Low-Income Children In New York City

Kacie Dragan, Ingrid Ellen, and Sherry A. Glied

Health Affairs

September 2019

Although the pace of gentrification has accelerated in cities across the US, little is known about the health consequences of growing up in gentrifying neighborhoods. We used New York State…
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Social Connectedness in Urban Areas

Michael Bailey, Patrick Farrell, Theresa Kuchler, and Johannes Stroebel

NBER

July 2019

We use anonymized and aggregated data from Facebook to explore the spatial structure of social networks in the New York metro area. We highlight the importance of transportation infrastructure in…
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Housing Supply Elasticity and Rent Extraction by State and Local Governments

Rebecca Diamond

Stanford Graduate School of Business

July 24, 2015

Governments may extract rent from private citizens by inflating taxes and spending on projects which benefit special interests. Using a spatial equilibrium model, I show that less elastic housing supplies…
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Does Gentrification Displace Poor Children? New Evidence from New York City Medicaid Data

Kacie Dragan, Ingrid Ellen, and Sherry A. Glied

NBER

May 2019

The pace of gentrification has accelerated in cities across the country since 2000, and many observers fear it is displacing low-income populations from their homes and communities. We offer new…
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The Optimal distribution of population across cities

David Albouy, Kristian Behrens ,Frédéric Robert-Nicoud, and Nathan Seegert

Journal of Urban Economics

March 2019

We develop an urban model that incorporates: (1) heterogeneous sites; (2) fiscal and urban externalities; and (3) an endogenous number of cities, i.e., the extensive margin of urban development. Within-…
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The New State Zoning: Land Use Preemption Amid a Housing Crisis

John Infranca

Boston College Law Review

March 28, 2019

Commentators have long decried the pernicious effects that overly restrictive land use regulations, which stifle new development, have on housing supply and affordability, regional and national economic growth, social mobility,…
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Zoned Out: How Zoning Law Undermines Family Law’s Functional Turn

Kate Redburn

Yale Law Journal

June 2019

A fatal conflict in the legal definition of family lurks at the intersection of family law and zoning law. Family law doctrines have increasingly embraced the claims of “functional families”—those…
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Do the Poor Pay More for Housing? Exploitation, Profit and Risk in Rental Markets

Matthew Desmond and Nathan Wilmers

American Journal of Sociology

January 2019

This article examines tenant exploitation and landlord profit margins within residential rental markets. Defining exploitation as being overcharged relative to the market value of a property, the authors find exploitation…
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Capitalization as a Two-Part Tariff: The Role of Zoning

H. Spencer Banzhaf and Kyle Mangum

NBER

March 2019

This paper shows that the capitalization of local amenities is effectively priced into land via a two-part pricing formula: a “ticket” price paid regardless of the amount of housing service…
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Balancing the “Zoning Budget”

David Schleicher

Yale Law School

2011

The politics of urban land use frustrate even the best intentions. A number of cities have made strong political commitments to increasing their local housing supply in the face of…
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Upzoning Chicago: Impacts of a Zoning Reform on Property Values and Housing Construction

Yonah Freemark

Urban Affairs Review

January 29, 2019

What are the local-level impacts of zoning change? I study recent Chicago upzonings that increased allowed densities and reduced parking requirements in a manner exogenous of development plans and neighborhood…
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Gentrification and pioneer businesses

Kristian Behrens, Brahim Boualam, Julien Martin, and Florian Mayneris

Centre for Economic Policy Research

November 2018

We study gentrification at a micro-geographic scale using information on residents and businesses in New York from 1990 to 2010. We exploit atypical location decisions of businesses to identify the…
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Do Land Use Restrictions Increase Restaurant Quality and Diversity?

Daniel Shoag and Stan Veuger

Journal of Regional Science

January 17, 2019

There is significant evidence that restrictions on residential land use reduce housing supply, increase house prices, and limit inflows of low‐income households. Local decision‐makers often argue that their efforts are…
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Supply Skepticism: Housing Supply and Affordability

Vicki Been, Ingrid Gould Ellen, and Katherine O’Regan

NYU Furman Center

November 2018

Growing numbers of affordable housing advocates and community members are questioning the premise that increasing the supply of market-rate housing will result in housing that is more affordable. This article…
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Not Just Density Bonuses: Dealing with Demands Beyond the Bonus

Lynn E. Hutchins and Karen M. Tiedemann

League of California Cities

October 7, 2016

“The State’s density bonus law (Government Code Section 65915 – 65918) has over the course of the last several legislative sessions been the subject of bills modifying the statute and…
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Matching in Cities

In most countries, average wages tend to be higher in larger cities. In this paper, we focus on the role played by the matching of workers to firms in explaining…
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Upzoning Chicago: Impacts of a Zoning Reform on Property Values and Housing Construction

Yonah Freemark

Urban Affairs Review

January 29, 2019

What are the local-level impacts of zoning change? I study recent Chicago upzonings that increased allowed densities and reduced parking requirements in a manner exogenous of development plans and neighborhood…
Read more

Balancing the ‘Zoning Budget’

David Schleicher

Yale Law School

2011

The politics of urban land use frustrate even the best intentions. A number of cities have made strong political commitments to increasing their local housing supply in the face of…
Read more

Balancing Priorities

National Low Income Housing Coalition

National Low Income Housing Coalition/p>

october 2018

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) is the largest national affordable housing program in the U.S. By 2030, nearly half a million current LIHTC units, or nearly a quarter of…
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Beyond the Double Veto: Land Use Plans as Preemptive Intergovernmental Compacts

Christopher S. Elmendorf

UC Davis School of Law

February 9, 2019

The problem of local-government barriers to housing supply is finally enjoying its moment in the sun. For decades, the states did little to remedy this problem and arguably they made…
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Meeting the Washington Region’s Future Housing Needs

Margery Austin Turner, Leah Hendey, Maya Brennan, Peter A. Tatian, and Kathryn Reynolds

Urban Institute

September 4, 2019

Inaction on housing affordability challenges could ultimately undermine the region’s future economic growth and prosperity. Housing challenges like these can undermine worker productivity, make it harder for companies to attract…
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Land Use Politics, Housing Costs, and Segregation in California Cities

Jonathan Rothwell

Terner Center for Housing Innovation

September 2019

California cities have some of the highest housing prices in the United States, but most of the state’s urbanized land is set aside for the least efficient uses. Using data…
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The Sharing Economy and Housing Affordability: Evidence from Airbnb

Kyle Barron, Edward Kung, and Davide Proserpio

SSRN

April 10, 2018

We assess the impact of home-sharing on residential house prices and rents. Using a dataset of Airbnb listings from the entire United States and an instrumental variables estimation strategy, we…
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Reducing and Preventing Homelessness: A Review of the Evidence and Charting a Research Agenda

Homelessness may be both a cause of and one of the more extreme outcomes of poverty. Governments at all levels have a variety of tools to combat homelessness, and these…
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A Hidden Gift to Manufacturing

Roderick M. Hills Jr and David Schleicher

Regulation

April 2010

Many urban areas use non-cumulative zoning – zoning exclusive to one use (typically manufacturing) that prohibits other uses even if those uses are considered less noxious. Proponents of this zoning…
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The Effects of Rent Control Expansion on Tenants, Landlords, and Inequality: Evidence from San Francisco

Rebecca Diamond, Tim McQuade, and Franklin Qian

American Economic Association

March 4, 2019

Using a 1994 law change, we exploit quasi-experimental variation in the assignment of rent control in San Francisco to study its impacts on tenants and landlords. Leveraging new data tracking…
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Do the Rich and Poor Colocate in Large Cities?

Takatoshi Tabuchi

Science Direct

September 2019

This paper focuses on colocation rather than segregation in the context of Japanese large cities. Using the time cost of commuting from traditional urban economic theory, we analyze how different…
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How Land Use Law Impedes Transportation Innovation

David Schleicher

Yale Law School

April 2016

Transportation scholars have long known that infrastructure investments both depend upon current land use patterns and spur changes in those patterns. There is a massive literature built around what are…
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Housing Booms and Local Spending

Albert Solé-Olléab and Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

Science Direct

September 2019

This paper examines how local governments adjust their spending in response to a temporary revenue windfall generated by a housing boom. We focus on Spanish local governments because of the…
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The Price of Residential Land for Counties, ZIP Codes, and Census Tracts in the United States

Morris A. Davis, Stephen D. Oliner, Will Larson, and Jessica Shui

American Enterprise Institute

January 2019

We use data on the appraised land value from a data set of more than 16 million appraisals to produce annual estimates of the average price of land used in…
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City Replanning

Roderick M. Hills Jr and David Schleicher

George Mason Law Review

August, 2014

We argue, by contrast, that the dismissal of plans was shortsighted and has helped contribute to the excessive strictness of zoning in our richest and most productive cities and regions,…
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Measuring Urban Economic Density

J. Vernon Henderson, Dzhamilya Nigmatulina, and Sebastian Kriticos

Science Direct

August 14, 2019

At the heart of urban economics are agglomeration economies, which drive the existence and extent of cities. This paper estimates urban agglomeration effects, exploring simple and very nuanced measures of…
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Rapidly Growing Metros Are Losing Affordable Housing at Alarming Rates

Freddie Mac

June 26, 2019

The fastest growing cities in the United States saw a substantial decline in affordable housing units from 2010 to 2017, according to new research released today by Freddie Mac (OTCQB:…
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Job Creation and Housing Construction: Constraints on Metropolitan Area Employment Growth

Raven Saks

Journal of Urban Economics

2008

Differences in the supply of housing generate substantial variation in housing prices across the United States. Because housing prices influence migration, the elasticity of housing supply also has an important…
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California Zoning: Housing Construction and a New Ranking of Local Land Use Regulation

Salim Furth and Olivia Gonzalez

Mercatus Research

August 28, 2019

New survey data on residential land use regulation in California have allowed us to create the Mercatus-Augmented Terner California Housing Regulation (MATCHR) Index, which characterizes formal restrictions on density in…
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The Effects of Critical Habitat Designation on Housing Supply: An Analysis of California Housing Construction Activity

Jeffery E. Zabel and Robert Paterson

Journal of Regional Science

February 2006

Under the Endangered Species Act, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is required to designate critical habitat for listed species. Designation could result in modification to or delay of residential…
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When Do Renters Behave Like Homeowners? High Rent, Price Anxiety, and NIMBYism

Michael Hankinson

American Political Science Review

August 2018

How does spatial scale affect support for public policy? Does supporting housing citywide but “Not In My Back Yard” (NIMBY) help explain why housing has become increasingly difficult to build…
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The Effect of Land Use Regulation on Housing and Land Prices

Keith Ihlanfeldt

Journal of Urban Economics

May 2007

This paper investigates the effects of land use regulation restrictiveness on house and vacant land prices. In contrast to prior studies, the index of restrictiveness is treated as an endogenous…
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Substance Use Disorder Treatment Centers and Property Values

Brady P. Horn, Aakrit Joshi, and Johanna Catherine Maclean

NBER

January 2019

Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a major social concern in the United States and other developed countries. There is an extensive economic literature estimating the social costs associated with SUDs…
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The Effects of Gentrification on the Well-Being and Opportunity of Original Resident Adults and Children

Quentin Brummet and Davin Reed

Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Working Paper

July 2019

We use new longitudinal census microdata to provide the first causal evidence of how gentrification affects a broad set of outcomes for original resident adults and children. Gentrification modestly increases…
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Housing policies to combat the affordability crisis

Jack Favilukis, Pierre Mabille, Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

Vox EU

October 2019e

 

Housing affordability is a leading challenge for local policymakers around the world, yet a coherent framework for analysing the various policy options is lacking. This column builds such a framework…
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Does Eviction Cause Poverty? Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Cook County, IL

John Eric Humphries, Nicholas S. Mader, Daniel I. Tannenbaum, and Winnie L. van Dijk

NBER

August 2019e

Each year, more than two million U.S. households have an eviction case filed against them. Many cities have recently implemented policies aimed at reducing the number of evictions, motivated by…
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Shifting Neighborhoods

Jason Richardson, Bruce Mitchell, and Juan Franco

NCRC

2019

Gentrification is a powerful force for economic change in our cities, but it is often accompanied by extreme and unnecessary cultural displacement. While gentrification increases the value of properties in…
Read more

Income Growth and the Distributional Effects of Urban Spatial Sorting

Victor Couture, Cecile Gaubert, Jessie Handbury, and Erik Hurst

NBER

August 2019

We explore the impact of rising incomes at the top of the distribution on spatial sorting patterns within large U.S. cities. We develop and quantify a spatial model of a…
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Supply, Demand and the Challenge of Local Control

Alicia Sasser Modestino, Clark Ziegler, Tom Hopper, Calandra Clark, Lucas Munson, Mark Melnik, Carrie Bernstein, and Abby Raisz

The Greater Boston Housing Report Card 2019

June 2019

The Greater Boston Housing Report Card serves as an annual assessment of housing conditions in Greater Boston and what needs to be done to meet the region’s goals for current…
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Housing America’s Older Adults

Joint Center for Housing Studies

November 2018

More than half of the nation’s households are now headed by someone at least 50 years of age. These 65 million older households are highly diverse in their living situations,…
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Housing tenure and labor market impacts: The search goes on

N. Edward Coulson and Lynn M. Fisher

Journal of Urban Economics

May 2009

We develop two search-theoretic models emphasizing firm entry to examine the Oswald hypothesis, the idea that homeownership is linked to inferior labor market outcomes, and compare their predictions to three…
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The End of the American Dream? Inequality and Segregation in US Cities

Alessandra Fogli and Veronica Guerrieri

NBER

August 2019

Since the ’80s the US has experienced not only a steady increase in income inequality, but also a contemporaneous increase in residential segregation by income. Using US Census data, we…
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Stuck! The Law and Economics of Residential Stagnation

David Schleicher

The Yale Law Journal

January 2017

This Article advances two central claims. First, declining interstate mobility rates create problems for federal macroeconomic policymaking. Low rates of interstate mobility make it harder for the Federal Reserve to…
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Rising Housign Costs and Re-Segregation in San Francisco

Phillip Verma, Dan Rinzler, and Miriam Zuk

University of California, Berkeley

September 2018

This report finds that increases in housing prices in San Francisco were correlated with shifts in where low-income people of color lived between 2000 and 2015. It also provides evidence…
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In whose backyards has D.C. built new housing?

Jenny Schuetz

Brookings Institution

May 14, 2018

Like many large metropolitan areas, the Washington D.C. region faces a housing supply crunch. From 2010 to 2016, the population grew roughly twice as fast as the number of housing…
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Planning an Affordable City

Roderick M Hills and David Schleicher

Iowa Law Review

2015

First, we argue in Part III.A that binding, comprehensive plans allow legislators to create “contracts” across electoral districts that are otherwise impossible when zoning proceeds through piecemeal lot-by-lot bargaining. In…
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Rising Housign Costs and Re-Segregation in Contra Costa County

Phillip Verma, Dan Rinzler, and Miriam Zuk

University of California, Berkeley

September 2018

This report finds that increases in housing prices in Contra Costa County were correlated with shifts in where low-income people of color lived between 2000 and 2015. It also provides…
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Perspectives: Practitioners Weigh in on Drivers of Rising Housing Construction Costs in San Francisco

Carolina Reid and Hayley Raetz |

Berkley University Terner Center

Publication date her

In this brief, we present findings from interviews and focus groups with developers, general contractors, architects and nonprofits working to build both affordable and market-rate housing in San Francisco. The…
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