This report finds that increases in housing prices in Contra Costa County were correlated with shifts in where low-income people of color lived between 2000 and 2015. It also provides evidence that these shifts were contributing to new concentrations of poverty and racial segregation in the county and perpetuating racial disparities in access to high-resource neighborhoods. By focusing explicitly on the racial and economic dimensions of neighborhood change in relationship to increases in housing prices, this report builds upon existing research on displacement, segregation, and the persistent legacies of urban disinvestment and exclusion.
This report concludes that Contra Costa County and the region need policies and investments that support housing affordability and stability for low-income people of color, while also increasing their access to high-resource neighborhoods. To be successful, these policies and investments must account for both the legacies of racial segregation and recent patterns of re-segregation.
Phillip Verma, Dan Rinzler, and Miriam Zuk
University of California, Berkeley