Our aim in conducting the State Medical Boards Awareness Study was to measure national awareness of state medical boards, as well as gain insights on Americans’ experiences with, and responses to physicians who act inappropriately. The results show that a majority of Americans lack awareness about the responsibilities of state medical boards and when to contact them, with knowledge deficiency highest among younger adults. Furthermore, among those who have experienced a physician acting inappropriately, few have reported it, perhaps because they did not know how. It’s likely that many instances go undetected and may be putting other patients at risk. The findings support the need for more public education about state medical boards and how consumers can utilize them to help ensure they receive safe and quality health services. We are pleased to present the findings of the State Medical Boards Awareness Study commissioned by the Federation of State Medical Boards, and hope that the results will serve as the basis for communications surrounding your public information campaign to raise awareness about the work of state medical boards and the resources they provide.