Land is also one of the most tightly regulated resources. We regulate both what we can build on land through zoning, and how we can build it through building codes. While they collectively determine land use, zoning and building codes operate in entirely different ways: zoning is rigid and prescriptive, and therefore limits opportunities of growth and inclusion (often times by design). Permitting is complex, uncertain, and therefore increases costs of construction as well as starting a business or building a house.
D.C. Policy Center