The Effects of Competition in Consumer Credit Market

The Effects of Competition in Consumer Credit Market

This paper finds that banks and non-banks respond differently to increased competition in consumer credit markets. Increased competition and the greater threat of failure induces banks to specialize more in relationship business lending, and surviving banks are more profitable. However, non-banks change their credit policy when faced with more competition and expand credit to riskier borrowers at the extensive margin, resulting in higher default rates. These results show how the effects of competition depend on the form of intermediation. They also suggest that increased competition can cause credit risk to migrate outside the traditional supervisory umbrella.

Stefan Gissler, Rodney Ramcharan, and Edison Yu


August 2019

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By |2019-08-27T11:15:46-07:00January 1st, 2018|Financial Regulation, Political Economy, Reference|