Local governments use a wide variety of procedures to control the location, timing, character, and amount of residential development. Traditionally, communities have relied on zoning and subdivision ordinances, building codes, and communitywide land-use plans as the major tools for the regulation of new development. In recent years, more sophisticated and complex regulatory procedures have been developed and utilized widely by municipalities. In many communities, traditional landuse controls have been augmented by environmental and fiscal effect procedures, urban growth management systems, utility connection moratoria, multiple-permit systems, overall growth limitations, or a combination of those measures.
Journal of Law and Economics