Untangling Hair Braider Deregulation in Virginia

Untangling Hair Braider Deregulation in Virginia

We estimate the effects of removing the license requirement for hair braiding in Virginia in 2012. Using County Business Patterns and Nonemployer Statistics data from 2004 through 2014, we find evidence at the state level that deregulation has created more opportunities for smaller owner-operated beauty salons (an increase in proprietor density of more than 8 percent). A simple statistical test confirms that Virginia counties experienced beauty shop growth at a rate approximately 7 percent higher than that in contiguous counties in bordering states. Taken together, our findings support the notion that deregulation of hair braiding has enhanced economic opportunity for hair braiders in Virginia.

Edward J. Timmons and Catherine Konieczny

Cato Journal

Fall 2018

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By |2018-10-18T07:09:14-07:00January 1st, 2018|Efficiency/Growth, Occupational Licensing, Reference, Reforms|