reference library

/reference library
reference library2018-06-08T14:23:35-07:00

This website features a collection of links to outside resources, many of which were cited in The Captured Economy, for readers interested in learning more about regressive regulation.

To filter the reference library by topic, please use the links on a topic page or open this page on a full-size screen and use the provided menu.

The Anticompetitive Effects of Common Ownership: The Case of Paragraph IV Generic Entry

Jin Xie and Joseph Gerakos

PAEA Papers and Proceedings

May 2020

Brand-name pharmaceutical companies often file lawsuits against generic drug manufacturers that challenge the monopoly status of patent-protected drugs. Institutional horizontal shareholdings, measured by the generic shareholders’ ownership in the brand-name…
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Innovation α: What Do IP-Intensive Stock Price Indexes Tell Us about Innovation?

Carol Corrado, David Martin and Qianfan Wu

AEA Papers and Proceedings

May 2020

Patents and other intellectual property (IP) have grown in relative importance in investments and market capitalizations of public firms (e.g., Corrado and Hulten 2010). This paper illustrates the construction of…
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Who Profits from Patents? Rent-Sharing at Innovative Firms

Patrick Kline, Neviana Petkova, Heidi Williams, and Owen Zidar


November 2018

This paper analyzes how patent-induced shocks to labor productivity propagate into worker compensation using a new linkage of US patent applications to US business and worker tax records. We infer…
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Is Intellectual Property the Root of All Evil? Patents, Copyrights, and Inequality

Dean Baker

Center for Economic and Policy Research

October 2018

This paper raises three issues on the relationship between intellectual property and inequality. The first is a simple logical point. Patents, copyrights, and other forms of intellectual property are public…
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eBay, the Right to Exclude, and the Two Classes of Patent Owners

Paul R. Michel and John T. Battaglia

Patently-O Patent Law Journal


The entire point of a healthy patent system is on spurring invention and investment, by rewarding inventor and investor alike, big or small, with exclusive rights of limited duration, for…
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The Hegemony of the Copyright Treatise

Ann Bartow

University of New Hampshire

Winter 2004

This Article critiques the excessive reliance placed on copyright treatises by judges, lawyers, and even scholars and policy makers; explains why treatises in principle are not a legitimate source of…
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Mapping the Intellectual Property/Social Justice Frontier

Peter S. Menell


July 22 2020

This chapter explores the interplay of intellectual property and social justice. Part I constructs a philosophical framework for thinking about the many cross-currents between intellectual property and social justice. Part…
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Open up: a survey on open and non-anonymized peer reviewing

Lonni Besançon, Niklas Rönnberg, Jonas Löwgren, Jonathan P. Tennant and Matthew Cooper

Open up: a survey on open and non-anonymized peer reviewing

June 26 2020

Our aim is to highlight the benefits and limitations of open and non-anonymized peer review. Our argument is based on the literature and on responses to a survey on the…
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Practical Implications of ‘Vaccine Nationalism’: A Short-Sighted and Risky Approach in Response to COVID-19

Muhammad Zaheer Abbas

The South Centre

November 2020

To end the COVID-19 pandemic and ensure a return of normalcy, an effective and safe vaccine is the best hope. The vaccine nationalism approach, adopted by some countries to gain…
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Copyright and Distributive Justice

Justin Hughes and Robert P. Merges

Notre Dame Law Review


Is our copyright system basically fair? Does it exacerbate or ameliorate the skewed distribution of wealth in our society? Does it do anything at all for disempowered people, people at…
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Competition Laws and Corporate Innovation

Ross Levine, Chen Lin, Lai Wei, and Wensi Xie


May 2020

A central debate in economics concerns the relationship between competition and innovation, with some stressing that competition discourages innovation by reducing post-innovation rents and others emphasizing that more contestable markets…
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Measuring the Impact of Household Innovation using Administrative Data

Javier Miranda and Nikolas Zolas


November 2018

We link USPTO patent data to U.S. Census Bureau administrative records on individuals and firms. The combined dataset provides us with a directory of patenting household inventors as well as…
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An Economic Review of the Patent System

Fritz Machlup

Study of the Subcommittee on Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights of the Committee on the Judiciary


The patent system has, from its inception, involved a basic economic inconsistency. In a free-enterprise economy dedicated to competition, we have chosen, not only to tolerate but to encourage, individual…
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Have R&D Spillovers Changed?

Brian Lucking, Nicholas Bloom, and John Van Reenen


May 2018

This paper revisits the results of Bloom, Schankerman, and Van Reenen (2013) examining the impact of R&D on the performance of US firms, especially through spillovers. We extend their analysis…
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On the Returns to Invention within Firms: Evidence from Finland

Philippe Aghion, Ufuk Akcigit, Ari Hyytinen, and Otto Toivanen

American Economic Review

May 2018

In this paper we merge individual income data, firm-level data, patenting data, and IQ data in Finland over the period 1988–2012 to analyze the returns to invention for inventors and…
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Patents as Quality Signals? The Implications for Financing Constraints on R&D

Dirk Czarnitzki, Bronwyn H. Hall, and Hanna Hottenrott

Economics of Innovation and New Technology

September 2015

Information about the success of a new technology is usually held asymmetrically between the research and development (R&D)-performing firm and potential lenders and investors. This raises the cost of capital…
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Four Hypotheses on Intellectual Property and Inequality

Amy Kapczynksi

Working Paper Prepared for the SELA conference

June 2015

I will suggest that existing IP regimes can be understood as not merely reflecting high levels of inequality within and between nations, but also amplifying these trends. First, there is…
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Patent Value and Citations: Creative Destruction or Strategic Disruption?

David S. Abrams, Ufuk Akcigit, and Jillian Popadak


November 2013

Prior work suggests that more valuable patents are cited more and this view has become standard in the empirical innovation literature. Using an NPE-derived dataset with patent-specific revenues we find…
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